Archaeological department

The archaeological department of the National Museum in Zrenjanin has about 13,500 exhibits in its collection. The department is divided into two collections – prehistoric and medieval. The objects of the Archaeological Department were collected through systematic research of archaeological sites, as well as protective archaeological research, reconnaissance of the terrain, and gifts and purchases. The fund’s chronological framework covers the period from prehistory to the Middle Ages.


The prehistoric collection contains the remains of cultures characteristic of the period from the Neolithic to the Iron Age. The Middle Banat Neolithic covers the time period from 6000 to 3500. p. n. e. and it was marked by the Starcevac and Kereš groups of the older, and the Vinča and Potisje cultures of the middle and late Neolithic. The transition from the Neolithic to the Metal Age belongs to the Eneolithic, and covers the time period from 3400 to 2200. p. n. e. The formation of the Bronze Age culture began in Vojvodina in the period from 2000 and lasted until the 8th century BC. n. e. It is divided into three phases: early, middle and late bronze age. The most obvious proof of the turbulence, cultural changes and migrations that were noted in the area of ​​the middle Banat, in the period of the Late Bronze Age, are the bronze objects from the hoard found in Sečanj.

The medieval collection covers the period from the 1st to the 16th century AD. and presents the nations who lived in this area temporarily or permanently – Sarmatians, Huns, Avars, Slavs and Hungarians. The collection consists of rich Sarmatian material (I-IV centuries) in the form of jewelry and ceramics. The Avar material (6th–8th centuries) was found mainly in burial complexes, among which the one from the Mečka necropolis near Aradac is dominant, while the Slavic material (6th–16th centuries) originates from a wider area of ​​the Central Banat area, and is represented in almost all localities that were investigated under the cover of the National Museum in Zrenjanin.

The numismatic collection has been an integral part of the Zrenjanin National Museum since its foundation. The objects belonged to the Historical Department, but between the two world wars, a rich, isolated collection of numismatics was formed. A large number of numismatic items arrived as gifts, primarily from clerks and county officials. In the archive documents from 1948, then of the City Museum in Zrenjanin, we find that the numismatic collection has the second largest fund, right after the archaeological collection, and numbers 2,855 items. Most of these items are hoards that farmers found while cultivating the land. From the first acquisitions of numismatic material until now, the National Museum of Zrenjanin has gathered a valuable collection of coins and paper money, from antiquity to the late Middle Ages and modern times.



Aleksandar Šalamon, kustos-arheolog

Arheološko odeljenje