Permanent Exhibitions

The permanent exhibition of the Natural Sciences Department of the National Museum of Zrenjanin is today located on the second floor of the Museum. It consists of three displays: a diorama depiction of the living world of Banat, a three-dimensional installation of fossil remains from the paleontological collection, and an installation of dermoplastic preparations of birds. The diorama presentation is a modern rendition of this type of presentation. The dermo-plastic preparations and stuffed animals are displayed in a space that is arranged to represent their natural habitats. This manner of presentation achieves a three-dimensional experience and invokes the natural environment of the exhibits. IN choosing subjects for inclusion in this exhibition, the emphasis is on those animals that have disappeared from or are endangered and are very rarely found in the area. The basic conception of ​​the paleontological setting is the display of fossil remains in three dimensions. The fossilized skulls and tusks of the mammoth Mammuthus primigenius and the steppe bison, Bison priscus, are placed in space to approximate the true, natural size of these species. The other bones of the mammoth skeleton, the steppe bison, and the giant deer Cervus megaceros are arranged as if in the ground to portray the appearance of the place where they were found. The age of these fossil remains is estimated to be between 10,000 and 30,000 years. The dermo-plastic preparations of birds are exhibited as a special segment of the exhibition, demonstrating the basic characteristics and significance of this class of animals. They are divided into several key groups: Predators, Waterfowl, and Wading Birds, as well as birds from two important gift collections of the donors Emil Gladić from Kuman and Vladimir Omčikus from Perlez.

Natural Sciences Department

The Natural Sciences Department has been working since the founding of the Museum until today, with temporary interruptions. The initial collection was a gift from the District Head Emil Talijan from Turska Kanjiža, a world traveler and hunter. Today’s collection of the Department of Natural Sciences is the result of the absorbing of the collections of the Higher Pedagogical School – Department of Biology from Zrenjanin, the former First Gymnasium (now Zrenjanin Gymnasium), and works inherited from the already existing collections of the Museum upon the founding of the Department of Natural Sciences in 1911. The collection is led by Natasa Knezević, curator-biologist.

The fund of the Department of Natural Sciences includes items in the following collections: Geo-paleontological, Botanical, Zoological, the Collection of Liquid Preparations, the Collection of Teaching Instruments, and the Photo Library.

The Geo-paleontological Collection consists of zoo and phyto paleontological material, as well as various types of sandstone bog forests, eruptive rocks, and rock fragments with fossil remains. The most valuable subject – the fossil remains of the mammoth Mammuthus primigenius, was excavated in 1952 during the digging of the DTD canal near Novi Becej.

The Botanical Collection consists of the herbarium material of the former Higher Pedagogical School from Zrenjanin, of the botanist M. Gajić – former professor at the same school, of the herbarium of the Arandjelovac Forestry Administration, of the seed house and herbarium of the agricultural cooperative Agraria from Novi Sad, and of the collection of coniferous cones and collection of dendroflora (photo-negatives and photo-positives of the most valuable specimens of dendroflora of Zrenjanin).

The Zoological Collection consists of collections of preserved insects, amphibians, fish, reptiles, birds and their eggs, mammals, and hunting trophies.

The Collection of Liquid Preparations of the Natural History Department of the National Museum of Zrenjanin is the former collection the Higher Pedagogical School from Zrenjanin, which the Museum took over. The material in bottles, collected on expert excursions in the Adriatic Sea, consists of botanical and zoological specimens (plankton, coral, sponges, fish, amphibians, birds, and mammals).

The Collection of Teaching Instruments consists of biological teaching aids, models and mock-ups, drawings and pictures, filmstrips, films, micro-preparations, and microscopes.

The Photo Library consists of photo-negatives, photo-positives, slides, and digital photographs.